Individual psychotherapy is psychotherapy that is most often carried out by a single psychotherapist and involves a personal interaction between the therapist and the client to create an atmosphere of trust, understanding, and partnership. Thus, conditions for productive psychological work and resolving the psychological difficulties of the client which led him to the appointment are created.
The key points in individual cognitive-behavioral therapy is the equal cooperation of both participants in psychological work. The accessibility and clarity of the applied methods is achieved by “psychoeducation” of the client, when the therapist in a concise, accessible form provides information about how the therapy will be carried out, the nature of the symptoms and conditions that the client has, and effective methods of treatment.
The therapist and the client, in an atmosphere of security and confidentiality, jointly investigate the client’s actual problems and analyze the factors that led to the current development of events. The therapist helps the client define the goals of the therapy, plan the desired changes, and explains how to achieve symptom relief and well-being as quickly and efficiently as possible.
In the process of further therapy, there is a reassessment of dysfunctional ways of thinking, which led to the formation of negative emotional distortions and behavioral difficulties, and training of adaptive skills for interacting with other people and the world.
The goal of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy is to teach the client to understand how thinking processes affect his life, and to form a realistic assessment and objective, critical perception of himself and others.
There is short-term and long-term individual psychotherapeutic work. CBT is a short-term therapy because most clients can be helped in 12-20 sessions. Thanks to psychoeducation and “comprehensibility” of the processes taking place in therapy, upon completion of the work, the client can independently analyze the processes occurring with him and become “his own therapist.”